A gynecological cancer is any cancer that originates in the female reproductive organs. Cancers are identified according to the part of the body in which they appear first. Gynecological cancers originate in different reproductive organs located in the pelvic area, that is, the area under the stomach and between the hips.

• Cervical cancer originates in the cervix, which is the lowest and narrowest part of the uterus. (The uterus is also known as the womb.)
• Ovarian cancer originates in the ovaries, one on each side of the uterus.
• Cancer of the uterus originates in the uterus, a pear-shaped organ located in the pelvic area where the baby develops when a woman is pregnant.
• Vaginal cancer originates in the vagina, the hollow channel located between the lower part of the uterus and the outside of the body.
• Cancer of the vulva originates in the vulva, the outside of the female genitalia.

Each type of gynecological cancer is different and has specific signs and symptoms as well as different risk factors (anything that may increase the likelihood of contracting the disease) and requires different prevention strategies. All women are at risk for gynecological cancers and the risk increases with age. If gynecological cancers are detected at an early stage, treatment is more effective.